Our aim is to develop and provide intercultural management research and solutions for practitioners by developing and running practice-oriented and academic research projects.

Prof. Dr. Marion Festing about Intercultural Leadership:

Success Factors for Western Expatriates in Russia

In terms of international assignments, Western expatriates and human resources (HR) departments find Russia to be one of the most challenging destinations. Why? Well, one of the key reasons is the often profound difference in leadership behaviours between East and West, and so managers have a keen interest in understanding which management styles are necessary to succeed in a Russian professional setting. In a series of 35 one-hour interviews, we set out to gain a thorough understanding of leadership-related success factors for Western expatriates in Russia. Three key findings emerged from the research:

It is necessary for expatriates to become more authoritarian, though not as much as the Russians themselves. They must also find the right balance between authority and a people orientation, and finally, they must learn to motivate Russian employees through a combination of control and rewards. This necessarily has implications for HR departments, because they need to adapt their pre-departure training and ongoing support programmes differently and more extensively than in other countries.

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Cultural Moderators in Business Negotiations

Transactions in business-to-business markets frequently rely on negotiations between selling and buying companies, and these negotiations often cross borders whereby the buying company originates from a country that is different from the selling company’s country of origin. Not surprisingly, cultural differences between teams in these companies can complicate the negotiation process and may lead to the use of negotiation strategies, where one party wins only at the expense of the other.

One idea to overcome these challenges is to equip negotiation teams with a ‘cultural moderator’, an individual who has the same cultural background as the business partner. In a case-study-based negotiation simulation with more than 200 participants, the authors were able to show that depending on the degree of the cultural moderator’s collectivism, such a moderator can help to design a negotiation process that focuses on win-win agreements rather than on win-lose scenarios. However, the use of particular negotiation strategies was only weakly (if at all) connected to economic outcomes of the negotiation. Interestingly, despite the fact that a cultural moderator can increase or decrease the focus on win-win agreements, he/she consistently helps teams to improve their economic outcomes (such as increasing profits) in negotiations.

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